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Efforts by Rajasthan to Universalize Education: Enrolling Unenrolled and Dropped-Out Children in Age-Appropriate Classes

Efforts by Rajasthan to Universalize Education: Enrolling Unenrolled and Dropped-Out Children in Age-Appropriate Classes - Shala Saral

Efforts Made by Rajasthan to Universalize Education

Enrolling Unenrolled/Dropped Out Children in Age Appropriate Classes in Anganwadi Centers/Schools


Rajasthan’s commitment to universal education is anchored in the Constitution’s mandate to provide free and compulsory education to all children up to the age of 14 years. This commitment is reinforced by the Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act, 2009. Both the Central and State Governments are dedicated to ensuring that every child is connected to school and receives mandatory education.

Comprehensive Campaign for Enrollment Growth and Stagnation:

The Education Department runs a wide-reaching campaign to boost enrollment and prevent dropouts. Children aged 3 to 5/6 are enrolled in nearby Anganwadi centers for pre-primary education. Those aged 5-6 (both enrolled and unenrolled in Anganwadi) are identified and enrolled in class 1. Key steps include:

  1. Ensuring Admission of Students in the Next Class:
    Students who have passed or appeared for exams in classes 5/8/10 are enrolled in classes 6/9/11 respectively. Other students who pass different classes are promoted to the next grade.
  2. Monitoring Students’ Attendance and Keeping Them Connected to School:
    Students absent for 45 days or more are identified, their families contacted, and the students are re-enrolled in age-appropriate classes.
  3. Action Plan through Household Survey:
    Household surveys in Panchayat areas maintain records of all children aged 3 to 18. Out-of-school children identified are given special education and admitted to age-appropriate classes.
  4. Scheme for Unenrolled and Dropped Out Children:
    Unenrolled/dropped out children from marginalized communities (SC/ST/OBC/minority) in remote areas are given bridge courses to develop class-appropriate skills and then admitted to suitable classes.

Related Questions:

  1. What is Drop Out?
    Dropping out refers to leaving school before completing the education course. This can be due to various factors such as financial issues, lack of academic interest, or family pressures.
  2. Which Students are Most Likely to Drop Out?
    Students from low-income families, older students, and those facing financial or social pressures are at higher risk of dropping out.
  3. Who are Unenrolled Children?
    These are children who have never been enrolled in school or those who have dropped out and not returned.
  4. What is the Drop Out Rate?
    The dropout rate is the percentage of students who leave school before completing their grade level. It is a critical measure of the education system’s effectiveness.


The efforts to enroll unenrolled and dropped-out children into age-appropriate classes are crucial for enhancing the quality of education and the overall development of children. Joint efforts from various government departments and comprehensive campaigns are vital to achieving this goal.

Educational Data of Rajasthan:

According to the Annual Status of Education Report (ASER) 2022, Rajasthan has seen significant improvements in enrollment rates. The report highlights the following:

  • Enrollment for the 6-14 age group stands at 98.4%.
  • Rajasthan has a notable increase in the number of students in government schools post-pandemic.
  • Efforts are ongoing to improve learning outcomes, as 72% of Class 3 children can read Class 1 text, which is an improvement from previous years [❞] [❞].

These initiatives reflect Rajasthan’s dedication to ensuring every child’s right to education and addressing challenges related to dropouts and unenrollment.